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'itudinal study of the New York City Health Department records (87) cates that abortion was responsible for an increasing proportion of ma-lal deaths among all ethnic groups. Nonwhites and Puerto Ricans, how-:, suffered a much higher abortion death ratio, as indicated by the data imarized in Table 11. Niswander (88) speculates that if therapeutic abor-L were more readily available, there would be fewer deaths resulting from ;al abortion.
TABLE 11 Mortality Due to Abortion, by Ethnic Group, New York City, 1951-1962
	Abortion Deaths (Total)	Abortion Deaths per 10,000 Live Births	Percent of Maternal Deaths Due to Abortion
groups			
1951-53	80	1.6	26.1
.954-56	105	2.1	35.1
: 95 7-5 9	137	2.7	43.6
[960-62	154	3.1	42.1
te			
[951-53	22	0.6	14.4
[954-56	27	0.8	22.9
[957-59	27	0.8	23.3
[960-62	32	1.0	25.2
white			
[951-53	43	6.1	35.8
L 95 4-5 6	61	7.5	47.3
[957-59	68	7.0	50.7
[960-62	87	8.0	49.4
:to Rican			
[951-53	15	4.0	44.1
[954-56	17	3.1	32.7
[957-59	42	6.4	65.6
1960-62	35	4.7	55.6
Source:  (87, based on Table 1, p. 968).
The Less Developed Countries. In the less developed countries the number maternal deaths due to abortion is unduly high, primarily because of :rictive abortion laws, insufficient facilities for therapeutic abortions, and n greater insufficiency of trained abortionists who will perform the opera-i outside the law.
Viost of the data on this subject comes from Latin America. The Chilean a in particular indicate that abortion accounts for almost two fifths of ternal deaths in that country. The figures below are for 1963 (22).egally performed operations (62). \ ever the actual figure may be, it is a fact that criminal abortion is respor for a major proportion of maternal deaths in the United States. Its sh; increased as other causes of maternal mortality are becoming more coi lable. A California study (85), 1955-57, found deaths from abortion to 1 percent of maternal mortalities. Guttmacher (86) found in the 1961 re< of the New York City Health Department that 47 percent of maternal cl in metropolitan New York were the result of illegal abortions. A 20